Time is relative.
The rate at which time passes is not the same everywhere. Einstein showed us this with his formula:
He showed us that changes in velocity or gravity will affect the passage of time. If fact, if we it were possible to travel at the speed of light, time would stop! We would exist simultaneously in the past, present and future.
Visable light as well as all electromagnetic radiation has both frequency and velocity. The velocity is constant–the speed of light (300 million meters per second). The higher the freqency, the greater the wave engergy.
Our universe is expanding and therefore the wavelength of light (actually all electromagnetic radiation) has streched. As the frequecy of light gets longer it turns red-hence the term redshift.
Just as a train bell shifts lower in pich as it passes away from you, so time appears to go slower than its original rate.
Light or radiation velocity is the cosmic clock . It exist in an “eternal now” state, a state were time does not pass. Absolute time is referenced from this cosmic clock. Earth time is relative.
So now we have earth time and absolute time.
The minimum frequency of radiation energy needed to turn energy into mass (The big bang) is known. It can be refered to as quark confinement. We know the temperature and hence frequency of radiated energy at quark confinement.
At present, the universe has a residue cosmic background radiation (CBR) observable from all directions. It is the residue energy leftover from the big bang. It’s temperature is also known (-270 C or 2.73 degrees Kelvin).
The energy at quark confinement is approximately a million million times greater than the CBR we measure today. Its redshift is 10 12. .
The universal streching of space alters our perception of time on earth as referenced from a universal clock.
“The streching of light waves has slowed the frequency of the cosmic clock–it has expanded the perceived time between ‘ticks’ by a million million.”
Cosmological dating of the age of the universe is an approximation based on several different formulas and assumptions. It is also based on measurements of just one percent of the universe and assumes it represents the entire universe. Nevertheless, It is generally agreed that the universe has an apparent age of 10 to 20 billion years.
“The cosmic clock records the passage of one minute while we on Earth experience a million million minutes.”
So to recap, the differnce of perceived time and cosmic time is a ratio of a millio n million to one. This is based on the known threshold temperature at which matter is formed and the measured temperature of the black of space (CBR).
So, what do you get if you divide 15 billion years by a million million? 6 days!! oh,oh I didn’t mean to get Biblical.
by Schroeder, Gerald L. “The Science of God,” The Free Press 3:47-71 1997