The Beginning of Time
Until Einstein, it was widely believed that the universe was infinite and existed forever. This is known as the steady state model of the universe. With an infinitely large universe and an infinity of time, it is less difficult to believe that random natural processes could account for our existence.
However, Einstein’s theories (now law) of relativity changed everything. Einstein’s special relativity resulted in ten equations. Subtracting one set of equations from another gave another startling conclusion:
Everything in the universe is simultaneously expanding and decelerating.
Now there is only one physical phenomenon that causes this- an explosion! But, if the universe started by explosion, then it did have a beginning and wasn’t infinitely old. Not only that, but using the principle of cause and effect, a beginning must have a beginner.
Einstein himself initially rejected the theistic conclusions of his own discoveries. However, confronted with the galaxy expanding evidence of astronomer Edwin Hubble, he grudgingly accepted “the necessity for a beginning” and to “the presence of a superior reasoning power.”
The Oscillation Model
Now what if the universe has been continually expanding then contracting and expanding again? Could this have been going on for an infinity of time? Unfortunately, there are serious scientific evidence against it. There is little doubt among astronomers today that some type of big bang or inflation has taken place.
A Brief History of Time
The unsinkable Stephen F. Hawking along with two other astrophysicists extended the solutions of the general relativity equations to include space and time. There conclusions were that since the law of relativity is valid and assuming reasonably general conditions, space and time must have an origin. In other words,
TIME IS FINITE. TIME HAD A BEGINNING!
Actually our time is 17 ± 3 billion years old. That is a quite a bit short of infinity. So there is no time for a infinitely oscillating universe anyway. Now this also establishes that since matter, space and time have a common origin, then whatever started (caused) their creation must take place outside our space-time dimensions.
Those that look to quantum physics for a loop hold in the theistic implications of the cosmos negate the need for a beginning point — a singularity. However, In 1984, Stephen Hawking teamed up with physicist James Hartle to conclude that yes the universe doesn’t need to start from the singularity (infinitely small point). Yet, the universe still pops into existence at the beginning of time anyway! Hawking writes in his now famous book “A Brief History of Time”, ” …In real time, the universe has a beginning and an end at singularities that form a boundary to space-time and at which the laws of science break down.”
Now if we only have so much time, and if everything all started just 20 billion years ago. Then somebody started the top spinning. Besides, there isn’t enough time for any other explanation.